Facultade de Fisioterapia

In situ growth of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for dispersive magnetic micro-solid phase extraction of cadmium followed by ETAAS detection

Authors: M. Camba, Vanesa Romero, Isela Lavilla, Carlos Bendicho

Journal: Analytical Methods, 7(3): 1154-1160, 02/2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C4AY02522A


Abstract

In this work, a new method based on dispersive magnetic micro-solid phase extraction (DM-μ-SPE) of Cd prior to its determination by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS) is described. The method is based on the co-precipitation of Cd at the parts-per-trillion level onto freshly prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles by applying high intensity sonication to the aqueous sample containing a Fe(II) + Fe(III) mixture together with the target analyte. The resulting magnetic solid phase can be easily separated from the sample using a magnetic field, and hence, no filtration or centrifugation steps are necessary. After redispersion, a volume of the slurry is injected into the graphite tube for atomization, thus avoiding the elution step. A co-precipitation mechanism of Cd on nanosized magnetite is approached using the Berthelot–Nernst and the Doerner–Hoskins laws. Cd is trapped by occlusion during the formation of Fe3O4 NPs. Under optimal conditions, a detection limit of 2.3 ng L−1 Cd is obtained. An enrichment factor of 53 is achieved. A study carried out on spiked natural water samples shows recoveries in the range of 98.2–100.3%.