Authors: Francisco Pena-Pereira, L. Marcinkowski, A. Kloskowski, J. Namiesnik
Journal: Analytical Chemistry, 86: 11640-11648, 12/2014
In this work, hybrid silica-based materials with immobilized ionic liquids (ILs) were prepared by sol–gel technology and evaluated as solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber coatings. High loadings of the IL 1-methyl-3-butylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([C4MIM][TFSI]) were confined within the hybrid network. Coatings composition and morphology were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. The obtained ionogel SPME fibers exhibited high extractability for aromatic volatile compounds, yielding good sensitivity and precision when combined with a gas chromatograph with barrier ionization discharge (GC-BID) detection. A central composite design was used for assessing the effect of experimental parameters on the extraction process. Under optimized conditions, the proposed ionogel SPME fiber coatings enabled the achievement of excellent enrichment factors (up to 7400). The limits of detection (LODs) were found in the range 0.03–1.27 μg L–1, whereas the repeatability and fiber-to-fiber reproducibility were 5.6% and 12.0% on average, respectively. Water samples were analyzed by the proposed methodology, showing recovery values in the range of 88.7–113.9%. The results obtained in this work suggest that ionogels can be promising coating materials for future applications of SPME and related sample preparation techniques.