Authors: Isela Lavilla, P. Vilas, Carlos Bendicho
Journal: Food Chemistry, 106: 403-409, 01/2008
Ultrasound-assisted extraction of As, Se, Ni and V from fish and shellfish has been applied as a fast and reliable sample pre-treatment method for accurate determination of the four elements by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry with Zeeman (As, Se) or Deuterium (Ni, V) background correction. A multivariate optimization approach has been employed for establishing the effect of variables influencing the extraction process. Under suitable conditions, quantitative extractions occurred from a 10 mass sample (particle size <100 μm) suspended in 1.5 mL of acidic extractant (0.5 or 3% v/v HNO3) and subjected to high intensity ultrasound (50% amplitude; 3 min). The method was successfully validated against the following certified reference materials: NRCC-DORM-2 dogfish muscle, NRCC-DOLT-2 dogfish liver, NRCC-TORT-2 lobster hepatopancreas, NIST-SRM 1566b oyster tissue and BCR 627 tuna fish. The following seafood samples were analyzed: hake (Merluccius merluccius), sole (Solea solea), clam (Venerupis rhomboides), prawn (Panaeus kerathurus), cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis), shrimp (Palaemon elegans), razor shell (Ensis ensis), cockle (Cardium edule), Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis), edible crab (Cancer pagurus), meagrin (Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis). The concentration ranges (μg/g, dry weight) for the elements determined were as follows: As (12.6–190), Se (0.73–2.34), Ni (2.94–46) and V (0.82–5.14). The detection limits (LODs), defined as 3s/m (s being the standard deviation of 10 blank and m the slope of the calibration graph), in dry tissue were 0.6, 0.3, 0.2 and 0.4 μg/g for As, Se, Ni and V, respectively. Between-batch precision was expressed as relative standard deviation from three separate extractions was in the range 3–10%.