Facultade de Fisioterapia

Comparison between conventional and ultrasound accelerated Tessier sequential extraction schemes for metal fractionation in sewage sludge

Authors: B Perez-Cid, Isela Lavilla, Carlos Bendicho

Journal: Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 363: 667-672, 04/1999

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s002160051269


Chemical sequential extraction for metal fractionation in sewage sludge using the Tessier method has been accelerated by ultrasound. The two sequential extraction schemes (conventional and ultrasound accelerated) were compared in terms of extraction efficiency, precision, treatment time and partitioning patterns of metals. Extractable contents of Cu, Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn were measured by flame atomic absorption spectrometry, and the analytical results obtained by the two procedures were statistically compared (P = 0.95). No significant differences were found in the two first fractions (i.e. exchangeable and carbonate-bound), however, in the third and fourth extracts (i.e. Fe-Mn oxides-bound and organic matter-bound) the extraction capability of the two methods differed significantly.