Facultade de Fisioterapia

Optimization of digestion methods for sewage sludge using the Plackett-Burman saturated design

Authors: Isela Lavilla, B Perez-Cid, Carlos Bendicho

Journal: Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 361: 164-167, 05/1998

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s002160050855


The Plackett-Burman saturated factorial design was used to select optimized dissolution conditions for sewage sludge samples. Three different digestion methods were applied: i) microwave oven digestion in a domestic oven with Parr-type reactors; ii) microwave oven digestion with controlled-pressure reactors; iii) pressure bomb reactor heated on a hot plate. The three methods were validated by statistically comparing the metal contents found with the certified ones of the sewage sludge sample (BCR 145R). No significant differences were obtained and the RSD values were lower than 3% in all cases. The metals were determined by flame-AAS. The variables studied were the following: microwave power; digestion time; predigestion; volume of hydrochloric acid; volume of hydrofluoric acid; volume of nitric acid. The operative advantages offered by microwave digestion with controlled-pressure reactors were also considered.